Allison Kessler, Mikayla Aldrich, Katy Carnes, Jacob Chromy
Based off of original articles, this is a research paper that is used to explore differences in marriage and family within the state of Nebraska. This is done by analyzing census data in Omaha that compares regions to each other. The regions are compared by income, education level, and population. Scholarly journals are used to further analyze the situations explained below. The situations that follow explain how low education ties into low income which results in a high divorce rate and vice versa.
Theme 1: Income Differences
For our research, we used different categories of statistics (income, education level, and types of households). We found these statistics using the United States Census Bureau at factfinder.com. From these statistics we divided Omaha up into regions by zipcode for easy comparisons. When comparing income levels of families within particular regions, the data appears to be consistent. This shows in the following comparisons made by the following regions which are in order from highest to lowest income: Southwest, North Central, Southeast, and Northeast. The Southwest region has the next highest income and the regions that follow it decrease in income further down the list. In the Northwest region an average income is marked as $87,103.20, in the Southwest an average income comes in at $68,852.60. North Central averages their income at $56,308.33, about a $12,000 decrease compared to the Northwest and Southwest. The Northeast’s income is much lower, averaging at $37,84. Lastly, the Southeast averages their income at $45,082, not much higher than the Northeast. Poverty rates among the different regions vary. Northwest and North Central have the lowest poverty level with both averaging at 6.8% of that population being below poverty line. The other three regions (more Southeast of the previous two) have approximately 14.7% of their population below poverty line.
Theme 2: Education Level
Throughout the city of Omaha we have areas of different education accomplishments and income. The area of Omaha that has the lowest income also has the lowest percentage of bachelor degrees. The area with the highest percentage of bachelor degrees was in Southwest Omaha, which also had the second highest income. The region with the highest income, Northwest Omaha, had the highest percentage of high school graduates. To have a good income in the city of Omaha, a person needs to have a high school degree. The Northwest only has 16% of their population with a Bachelor’s degree, compared to the 88% with a high school diploma. The farther East you go in Omaha, the larger decrease in income and education. The farther West people live the higher the education and more income they make. The difference between North and South is not very different as the difference between the Northeast and Southeast. North and South were the two lowest income and education regions, while Northwest and Southwest were the two highest income and education regions.
The North Central area was the buffer zone between the West and the East. The Northwest region holds the highest percent of population with a high school education or above. The Northwest region also has 17% of their population with a Bachelor’s degree, 48% with some college education, and 26% with just a high school education. The Southwest region is the next highest region in percent of population having high a school education. This region though actually ties with the North Central region with 88% of the population also having their high school education. The Southwest region has 26% of the population with a Bachelor’s degree, 40% with some college education, and 22% with just a high school education. The North Central region has only 15% of the population with a Bachelor’s degree, 53% with some college education, and 20% with only a high school education. The Northeast region has 85% of their population with a high school education or higher. Even with that fairly high percent, they are the region with the lowest income; coming in at $37,841. The Southeast region has the lowest percent of their population having a high school education or above. This region has 80%, which is still pretty high, but is the lowest out of all the regions we have researched.
Theme 3: Female Headed Households
Out of the Omaha population, nearly half of them are single parent households; whereas in the North Central and Northwest regions, the income is higher so the divorce rate is lower. Out of an average population of 75,000, over half are two parent/family households. Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and accounts for nearly 25% of the state’s population. Omaha has a higher percentage level of split families. Male headed households with no wife averaged at only 0.7%, while the big jump was with female head of households with no husband averaging at 13.7%, compared to the 9.8% in the whole state of Nebraska. Nebraska has a higher family household percentage of 6%. Within the Northwest, male households are more common than female. Male households average in at 20,734 compared to the 6,011 of female. The Southeast though shares close relations between the two types of households. Male households tally 19,718 and female tally 10,247. Living in a family type of household is more common in the Northwest than living alone. Even though there is a 13,000 difference, male and female households are much lower. There are only 5,695 male households and 7,286 female households. Southeast has a 7,792 difference between family households and non-family households.
Data shows it is more common to be living alone or not living in a family type of household. Within our data we were only able to find households with children only ran by women. It followed the same income and the education patterns. In the Northeast you had the highest number for a single female parent with over 9,000 households. In this same area is also the lowest college education level for the population. In the Southeast there were over 6,700 single female parent households. This was the second highest education and the lowest income area in the city of Omaha. These areas also had the highest nonfamily households in the city, averaging at 20,000 households altogether. The North Central area which had the smallest population, had the highest percentage of nonfamily households (18.5%) and the second highest percentage of single female parent household at 5.4%. The Northwest Omaha area had almost 1,300 nonfamily households. The Northwest Omaha area had the fewest single female parents with 3,083 households. The Southwest Omaha had the fewest nonfamily households with just under 10,000 households. The Southwest Omaha has the second fewest single parent households with 3,153. In the Northwest region it averages at 3,083. In the Southwest our data shows there is 19,518 houses ran by men and only 5,667 houses ran by women. This again is a significant drop with a 13,000 difference. The households that are shown to have children ran by women average at 3,153. The North Central region isn’t as high as the other regions deem to be toward male householders, but the women householders are just as low.
The differences within families in Nebraska have been examined and show many interesting facts about the differences in family households and divorced households. Evidence suggests that income and education do affect divorce rates as shown within the different regions of Nebraska. Research also supports the idea that divorce affects children at any age, and for the rest of their life they live with some type of aftermath affect. After analyzing and comparing census data and scholarly journals, we were able to come to conclusions with the data from these different regions in Nebraska.
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